radiation safety in hospitals ppt

ANNUAL RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING 2018-2019 RSO Telisa Goins, is serving as the Interim Radiation Safety Officer and handles our radiation program. Here you can explore HQ Radiation Safety Powerpoint transparent illustrations, icons and clipart Polish your personal project or design with these Radiation Safety Powerpoint transparent PNG Explore our website to learn more about our mission, our services, and how we maintain safety on our campuses Initially, have the student create a 'paper . Cancer also leads to ~ 20-30 per cent cumulative mortality. 6. Define sources of radiation/radioactive. Methods: The design was based on principles of external and internal radiation protection for unsealed source and radioactive waste management. Resolution: Radiation Safety Officer Training The American College of Radiology, in collaboration with the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and other stakeholders, should provide models and educational materials for medical physicists, radiologists, radiation oncologists, and nuclear medicine physicians who provide radiation safety Delivering radiation therapy is a team effort . d. 2. d. Non-Ionizing Radiation Safety MRI SAFETY Remember that the magnet is always "on". Radiation Safety Awareness Training This program is designed for researchers who do not work directly with radioactive materials but who frequent or share their lab space with individuals that do. Overview Radiation may be defined as energy traveling through space. This person shall be properly indoctrinated in laser safety and will have the vested authority to supervise the control of laser hazards.

Contact Radiation Safety at 860.679.2250 to inspect or pick up lead apparel you no longer need. Laser Safety Training. This training is the first part of the mandatory Radiation Safety Orientation Training. Radiation Safety Ofcer (RSO) * Develops and oversees treatment protocols for patients with usual radiation safety risks. Radioactive material users must take a more comprehensive course titled, Radiation Safety - Basic Concepts and participate in additional situation . the Campus Radiation Safety Committee. On the other hand, the subject of radi- ation protection in hospitals and general practice, where a large proportion of public and occupational radiation exposure occurs, has not yet received much ". The second part, Radiation Safety Procedures, contains specific radiation safety rules for the nursing care of patients undergoing each of the major procedures involving radiation and/or radiation sources. Use of radiation monitoring and survey instruments. 3.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION PROTECTION . Radiation from diagnostic imaging modalities, such as computed tomography, mammography, and nuclear imaging, are minor contributors . This module will utilize SI units for all fluoroscopy equipment output and patient dose values. More the distance from source -Lesser the radiation. Radiation Safety Office Internal Exposure Internal exposure is from radioactive materials that have been taken into the body. 3.2.1 The ICRP system of radiological protection . 28. For the modern practitioner of women's imaging, achieving a balance between the positive diagnostic benefits available from current medical imaging on the one hand, and the potentially deleterious effects of ionizing radiation exposure on the other, has become a central issue. The limited life expectancy provision is pertinent Please consult any fluoroscopy policies and procedures at local YNHHS affiliated hospitals for additional information. 8.7.3 Radiation Safety Officer. . Supervise reporting of dose registered on personal dosimeters. Radiation Exposure: this should be monitored with film badges or pocket dosimeters, these must be checked monthly by the radiology protection officers. Emergency response to a radiation incident: This is often called " Consequence Management ". All questions regarding ionizing and non-ionizing radiation should be directed to this office at 860-679-2250. Metal objects can be pulled in to magnet Magnetic field can interfere with pacemakers and monitoring devices Only authorized persons should enter the magnet room Patients are escorted by MRI staff ICRP Principles of Radiation Protection Justification "Any decision that alters the radiation exposure situation should do more good than harm" Room 4 3rd Floor Stewarts Hospital Palmerstown, Dublin 20 D20N292. for Advanced Research and Education in Radiation Images courtesy of: MK Kalra, S. Singh, MGH Webster Center for Advanced Research and Education in Radiation Large patient Small patient Radiation Limits In 2007 the ICRP recommended that medical workers receive a maximum radiation effective dose of 20 mSv per year, averaged over 5 years, with no more than 50 mSv in 1 year.In addition, 500 mSv each is the annual equivalent dose radiation limit to the skin, hands, and feet. . removed from the patient, and re-stored safely in a remote storeroom. Radiation therapy uses ionising radiation for treatment. Radiation Safety measures cont. This training will teach you about the basic radiation hazards you may encounter in the hospital. What you learn will give you the information to perform your work safely and to protect you from unnecessary radiation exposure. lDelayed Effects? * Reports medical events to State Agency or to NRC. The incidence of cancer is about 40%, reflecting long life expectancy. Shielding Alpha Particles Stopped by a sheet of paper Annual Refresher Training. Proper Care of Badges Take badge out of its wrapper, place it into the badge holder and then wear it. (PowerPoint - 6.3 MB) (Radiation Injury Treatment Network, May 2008) Wingard JR, Leahigh AK, Confer D, Edwards J, Billups RL, van den Brink M, . Use of screen-film combinations, use of fast film. This training will teach you about the basic radiation hazards you may encounter in the hospital. Exposure of personnel is caused by scattered radiation from the patient. STRUCTURE Radiation protection and safety objectives and considerations are presented in 184. Cs-137 Irradiator Training. Radiation Safety Office is your resource for radiation protection information. Justification of the practice. _____ Patient Name . These include: The selection of the x-ray machine The use of technique factors that result in low patient exposure The use of fast films and screen/film combinations Radio waves, microwaves, ultraviolet (UV), x rays, gam ma rays, and visible light are. RADIATION SAFETY IN HOSPITALS Radiation refers to a bundle of energy in the form of electromagnetic (EM) waves. . Once the patient leaves the room, and the "Caution" signs are removed, the room is ready for clean-up. Acute Hospital Operations. Reposition or restrain again to ensure the radiography does not have to be repeated. Radiation Safety - General Staff who are pregnant may be excluded from the administration and post procedural care of the patient. It is only concerned with radiation protection and safety and does not deal with how to use radiographic techniques for non-destructive testing. The staff is available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. The deleterious effects of ionising radiation is yet to established at low doses. . This is due to pulsed screening that reduces exposure dose. During the preparation and administration of the microspheres, staff should don protective equipment per facility policy. Medical RadiationPortable Radiography X Ray examinations performed outside the department on wards/theatre Radiation only produced when Radiographer presses exposure button Always follow instructions Keep a safe distance Wear lead protection if involved in holding patients Therapeutic techniques can be highly complex, and place very high . Use the radiation hand and foot monitor. What you learn will give you the information to perform your work safely and to protect you from unnecessary radiation exposure. Lead shield should be tested routinely by the radiology department every 6 months and whenever damage is suspected defect may not be visually detected. Once the patient leaves the room, and the "Caution" signs are removed, the room is ready for clean-up. Non-ionizing radiation is essential to life, but excessive exposures will cause tissue damage. Control Measures by Laser Classification (ANSI Z136.1-2007) Class Procedural & Administrative Controls Training Medical Surveillance LSO Use normal mode, when ever possible, Magnification modes increase exposure. Phone: 01 7785219 Email: rose.lindsay@hse.ie or radiation.protection@hse.ie. Our goal is to afford users as much flexibility as is safe and consistent with our policy of as low as reasonably achievable . patient and operator safety and minimization of radiation exposure. the Radiation Safety and Protection Program content, implementation and audits must be maintained for inspection by the Department. Table 2. Organization and Administration Document the delegation and responsibility for each aspect of the radiation program and provisions for ensuring enforcement of radiation safety policies and procedures. Radiation safety is a concern for patients, physicians, and staff in many departments, including radiology, interventional cardiology, and surgery. Describe general consideration when working in the lab. Preventive Radiological Nuclear Detection (PRND): to detect, locate and identify radioactive material outside of regulatory control; this is a government role. If you find that you still have concerns, you should contact the Radiation Safety Officer at 434.982.4911. Limiting the field size to region of interest. lPatient Questions? Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. This guidance document provides an orientation on ionizing radiation, and describes radiation safety procedures we have implemented to ensure a safe environment for our patients and students, the public, and ourselves. With our new mobile-friendly radiation training presentation, you can now complete your radiation training anytime, anywhere. If the patient has moved or is no longer in the correct position, do not take the exposure. PowerPoint Presentation Patient Safety in Radiation Oncology William R. Hendee, PhD Distinguished Professor Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Biophysics, Institute for Health & Society Medical College of Wisconsin Professor of Biomedical Engineering Marquette University Adjunct Professor Electrical Engineering University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Use of standard procedure and imaging parameter. Keep X-ray Tube at least 12 inches away from body part being imaged, this reduced exposure to patient. . If you need to contact a staff member on nights, weekends or holidays, contact the UConn . 8. They will dispose of it properly. The exposure rate caused by scatter near the entrance surface of the patient (the x-ray tube side) exceeds Criteria: Type A and Type B broad-scope licensees must have a Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) who is qualified by training and experience in radiation protection and who is available for advice and assistance on radiological safety matters. 7. Fluoroscopy is used for catheter placement and involves 95% of the total x-ray operation time but only causes 40% of the total radiation exposure to staff and patients. cancer) to less than 1 in 10,000/yr (10-4 yr-1) lRisk Equivalent to Safe Occupations lAdditional limits are designed to reduce The other is often a radioiodine therapy, which is an unsealed source therapy. Objective: To introduce the concepts and methods of radiation safety design for a patient's room in a (131)I treatment ward and a system of radioactive waste water management in hospital. . A: While both routinely address Environment of Care disciplines, they also may address: Injuries to patients or others coming to the hospital's facilities as well as incidents of property damage. Equipment is frequently operated by physicians whose training and experience in radiation safety may not match those of an experienced radiologist. Stand next to the source of radiation (the patient in fluoroscopy) as little as possible. The Princeton University Radiation Safety Manual is a handbook of procedures and useful information for the radiation worker who uses either radioactive materials or radiation-producing machines in a laboratory setting at Princeton University. General Radiation Safety (Radioactive Material Safety) X-Ray Safety. National Radiation Protection Office. (B) A lead mobile x-ray barrier of 0.5- or 1.0-mm lead equivalent provides protection from scattered radiation. Define the radiation spectrum. Training of operator. ALARA . The RSO's training and experience must include the types and quantities of . Also called radioactive safety, radiation safety is a combination of safe practices and precautionary measures put in place to promote safety when working with or near radiation. Waste Management. University of Virginia Policy ID:SEC-010 - Radiation Protection during Pregnancy. Radiation Safety Basic Concepts: Part I. Radiation Safety Office: _____ Nuclear Medicine, Radiology or Radiation Oncology Dept. Watch the patient closely through the x-ray shield view window. Define the radioactivity. Download a customizable medical imaging fact card for your patients. Simply save your presentation to our cloud-based platform and access it from any device. Increased public and professional awareness of the side effects of radiation now require a comprehensive . Environmental illnesses and injuries to staff. Keep Image Intensifier (II) close to body being imaged, reduces dose and improves image quality. The other is often a radioiodine therapy, which is an unsealed source therapy. This Safety Report relates to all types of industrial radiography equipment and facilities. lAcute Effects? Fertility Considerations: A number of epidemiological studies have been done on populations of both men and women who were exposed to radiation doses at or below the occupational limit (5,000 millirem/yr). To declare your pregnancy, contact Employee Occupational Health and Wellness at 684-3136. 4 Radiation Safety in Dental Radiography There are many factors that determine the level of radiation received by the patient during a radiographic examination.

So these CMS Radiology and Nuclear Medicine standards address the issue that ionizing radiation can cause cancer and that radiology services are not . Chapter 16: Radiation Protection and Safety in Radiotherapy Slide set prepared in 2006 by E.B. Nuclear Medicine facility medical. below 1/20th of the prescribed limit Note: The risk is estimated on the basis of Linear No Threshold (LNT) Model. Radiation Safety will show you how to operate the dosimeter and will discuss this in further detail. Security incidents involving patients . Current medical practice uses radiotherapy in about 1/2 of newly diagnosed cancer cases. Radiation Badge Representative Training. 2. 9. They can be associated with a variety of sources, including (clockwise from top left): radioactive isotopes used in medical procedures; transportation accidents involving a vehicle carrying radioactive materials; detonations of INDs; and releases of material from nuclear power plants. Shielding. The Manual also reflects the requirements of relevant federal and state regulations. Please read the section on each procedure before providing patient care connected with that procedure. These errors can result in devastating and sometimes fatal injuries, especially when the misadministration results in injury to vital organs or structures, such as the spinal cord, heart, lungs, or brain. The Process of Radiation Treatment Radiation Therapy is a Complex Process Slide 10 Data Flow in RO Slide 12 Errors will occur because: Slide 14 Slide 15 Process must be Fault-Tolerant Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Safety Culture In working together, everyone should be: Safety in Radiation Therapy: Recommendations Safety . A Radiation Health Physicist may bridge the responsibilities between RSOs and Treatment Prescription and 5. Initial Training - Day 5. 2. On the other hand, the subject of radi- ation protection in hospitals and general practice, where a large proportion of public and occupational radiation exposure occurs, has not yet received much Tools are now available to monitor patient dose online or quickly after the procedure These tools allow the radiologists and medical physicists to improve patient follow up Dose management for patients with repeated exposures is of great importance for radiation protection purposes help with risk analysis and locating irradiated skin Describe atomic structure. Observe and receive on-the-job training for laboratory radiological activities from PI/Supervisor or other person that they designate. . Every hospital that accepts Medicare or Medicaid must comply with these regulations and interpretive guidelines. Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Teachers and Students Objective: To familiarize the student with the basic principles of radiation protection and safety in radiotherapy. 1. Radiation protection and safety procedures have been established to ensure the protection & safety of the staff, patients and their relatives during their stay in department and to ensure that fertile and pregnant women are not exposed to radiation accidentally or unintentionally. Rare instances of radiation therapy errors resulting in severe injuries have been documented. 1. It follows the guiding principle ALARA or "as low as reasonably achievable.". Medical waste is any waste occurring as a result of medical services and scientific research in medicine.

If the patient is pregnant but the exam is a necessity .

Depending on your role, you may need to review advanced modules that are more specific to your work. Radioactive material can enter the body through: Injection Inhalation Ingestion Absorption Once radioactive materials are in the body, they irradiate body tissues as long as they remain in the body Thyroid Lung Liver Bone * Provides specic advice for patients with unusual safety risks. EP 25: Designates an individual to serve as radiation safety officer responsible of making certain that radiologic services are provided in accordance with law, regulation, and organizational policy. Radiation in the cath lab is generated using two different modes: fluoroscopy or cine angiography (cine). This means that the room may be left with radioactive contamination after the patient leaves. conferencepanel (2) - This program will cover the entire CMS radiology and nuclear medicine standards that hospitals must adhere to.

Provide radiation safety rules to dental personnel including any restrictions of the operating technique required for the safe use of the particular dental X-ray equipment.

:_____ Other:_____ RADIONUCLIDE INFORMATION* TC 99-M 2.5 days TL 201 30 days I-123 5.5 days I-131 80 days IN-111 28 days GA-67 33 days Other:_____ *Over these times, the amount of radioactivity will decrease by one-half 10 times. Preface. All forms of ionizing radiation have sufficient energy to ionize atoms that may destabilize molecules within cells and lead to tissue damage. If the monitor detects contamination, an audio . 2 Patient Risks? b. Radiation Dose Limits lDose limits are used to provide a basis for radiation worker safety lWhole body limits are designed to reduce stochastic risk (i.e. tional levels on radiation protection in the nuclear power industry, nuclear research, and conventional industries. No special precautions are needed in caring for them and no restrictions on patient activities or contact with other people is required.

Alpha "rays" Alpha decay is a radioactive process in which a particle with two neutrons and two protons is ejected from the nucleus of a radioactive atom. Radiation Dose Reference Chart: Download a reference chart listing common imaging examination doses, updated to reflect the data presented in NCRP Report No. Necessary authority and leadership support to: Monitor/verify compliance with established radiation safety practices (monitoring oversight) Larger radiation doses may be considered by the Radiation Safety Committee where research subjects have limited life expectancy (two years or less) and the applicant adequately justifies the procedure and the importance of the anticipated scientific contribution. Radiation Awareness Training. It may be used during special procedures, in the operating room, and in cardiac units. Take care not to reverse chest and collar badges. basis. Depending on your role, you may need to review advanced modules that are more specific to your work. 1.4. Radiation Safety 40 hour Training Quiz based on any of the information studied thus far including power point presentation. tional levels on radiation protection in the nuclear power industry, nuclear research, and conventional industries. Caring for Radiation Therapy Patients - Nurse Training. Define the radiation. 3. Training for Medical Experts and Radiation Safety Subject Matter Experts; See also: Practices and Drills; . If you are already providing care in . For the public the risk is considered to be 1/10th of the workers The average dose received by a radiation worker is below 1 mSv/annum i.e. This means that the room may be left with radioactive contamination after the patient leaves. Describe the types of radiation. Just in Time Training for Hospital Clinicians (HHS/CDC, 2006) . 2. Planning for . The hand and foot radiation monitors in the hallway must be used to check your hands and feet for contamination every time you leave your child's room. Minimize the amount of fluoroscopy time. (A) A lead apron protects occupationally exposed personnel from scattered radiation. exposure is subject to the first two principles only . Dose-Reduction Methods and Techniques (Cont.) Check with the Radiation Safety Office and/or the department guidelines.

 

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radiation safety in hospitals ppt

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